I was walking through the nearby natural garden which has a river flowing through it, I noticed that the water doesn’t look as clean and clear as it was before. I have been noticing the change for quite a while, then I realized that we are really damaging the environment at a very fast pace. In like 6 months, the color of the river has darkened considerably and I could see lot more debris in the river as well. The trees in the garden were lot fewer and the air was not as fresh as 12 months ago.
Things are changing fast, really fast, something needs to be done or else we might as well make the world a difficult place to survive for our coming generation or even our kids. Millions of acres of forest area are getting deforested every year as I speak by giant corporations and also traders. The damage caused by pollution is very deep and its impact is long lasting as well. But people don’t seem to realise the seriousness of it. If each one of us decides to do something for the earth and its resources, then surely we can improve things a lot. Small things done by everyone will have a big impact on the earth and make things much better and cleaner. So I describe below some serious examples and simple steps we can take to negate pollution.
We have all probably heard about the world and environment being polluted and how dangerous this is, but most people don’t really bother to learn what really pollution is, what is causing it and most importantly, what its effects are. It is important that we know all of this because that way we know what we are dealing with and how to deal with it. To start off, the first thing that we need to know is that there are three types of pollution and that they are all very important. They are land, air and water.
Land pollution, is simple words, the degradation or destruction of earth’s surface and soil as a result of human activities. Human activities are the main and only cause of the pollution of the land and even though we know that they are causing it, we don’t stop doing them.
Deforestation is one of those activities, for example. Lands that are converted into dry or barren lands can’t become fertile again. Thousands and thousands of trees are knocked down every day, and that is something that can’t be taken back.
Agricultural activities are another cause of land pollution. The population has increased a lot and with it, the demand for food. Farmers use toxic fertilizers and pesticides to kill insects and bacteria. But now with all the demand, the fertilizers and pesticides have been overused and have caused a serious contamination and poisoning of the soil.
These and other causes have had major and dangerous effects. There has been and environmental impact because of deforestation, which started the famous greenhouse effect and global warming. Other issues like increased temperature acid rains and seasonal weather have also been the effect of these human activities.
The wildlife has suffered from the effects of land pollution as well. The animal kingdom face the threat of losing their habitats and environment. Many species are moving to other habitats and are trying to adapt, and some of them have already died trying.
People that are concerned and want to help stop the pollution of land are great promoters of the following activities that can make a difference:
o Reducing, recycling and reusing
o Buying biodegradable products
o Doing organic gardening and reducing the use of pesticides
o Eating as much organic food as you can
o Buying products with little packaging
These tips are simple yet effective, if everyone who read this blog post implements even some of these steps, then we can well have a significant positive impact on the future of this earth and its environment.
Air pollution is when a substance hinders the atmosphere or the well-being of the organisms surviving in it. All organisms can be sustained due to the combination of gases that form the atmosphere. The imbalance caused by the increase or decrease of the percentage of these gases can be harmful for organisms and their survival.
There are many things -human activities.- that have cause the pollutions of the air. One of the -if not the- most important causes is the burning of fossil fuels. The combustion of coal, petroleum and some other factory combustibles has had a great effect. And all of us have contributed to this pollution. By driving our cars, a train or an airplane we are causing a big amount of pollution.
Manufacturing industries are another great cause of air pollution. They release a large amount of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, organic compounds and chemicals into the air, which definitely not good for the atmosphere.
All of the effects of the air pollution are very dangerous, especially for humans. One of the effects is respiratory and heart problems and several types of cancer. Millions of deaths have happened because of these, and unfortunately, there are probably more to come.
Another effect is the depletion of the Ozone layer. The Ozone layer protects us from the harmful ultraviolet rays. But now, it is depleting because of the chemicals and fossil fuels, so as the Ozone layer gets thinned, we are more and more exposed to the ultraviolet rays.
Some of the things we can do to help slow down air pollution are:
o Using public transportations (it will save you some money too!)
o Using energy efficient devices like CFL lights
o Conserving energy by keeping the lights off as much as we can
o Practicing the reduce, reuse and recycle process
Putting it in a very simple way, water pollution is the contamination of water bodies. This is extremely alarming because 70% of our planet is covered with water and it is one of the greatest resources we have.
The pollution of water is caused by many different things. Industrial waste is one of them. Industries produce gigantic amount of waste that contain toxic chemicals and pollutants. Some of those pollutants are lead, mercury, sulphur, asbestos and nitrates. Most industries don’t have the correct management of waste disposal so they drain the waste in fresh water that goes into rivers, canals and into the sea.
Oil leakage is another cause, and it is one of the most dangerous ones. When an accidental oil spills into the sea it doesn’t dissolve in water. That cause a great problem for marine wildlife like fish, sea otters and even birds.